HEMPSTEAD, N.Y. -- President Barack Obama and Republican Mitt Romney face off today in a town hall-style debate that has the potential to finally break the race's stubborn tie as the battle roars into its final, decisive three weeks.
The 90-minute debate at Hofstra University, which begins at 6 p.m., comes with the two men neck and neck after Romney bested Obama in their first debate, gained in the polls and climbed back into contention. The result could hinge on the way the two men perform, but also on a format that will allow members of the audience to pose questions, with follow-ups from moderator Candy Crowley of CNN.
Obama, sharply criticized for a listless performance in the first presidential debate on Oct. 3, is expected to more aggressively question Romney's shifts in tone and position over the years -- and in some cases, recent days -- on tax cuts, immigration, abortion and other subjects.
"We saw this clearly in the first presidential debate on Oct. 3, as Gov. Romney cynically and dishonestly hid the self-described 'severely conservative' positions he's been running on -- and there's no doubt he's memorizing more deceptions as he prepares for Tuesday's second debate," Obama campaign manager Jim Messina said in a memo Monday.
Obama, who has been practicing in Williamsburg, Va., is expected to press Romney hard on the Republican's contention that he can cut current income tax rates 20 percent across the board without increasing the federal deficit.
Romney, who has been preparing in the Boston area, is expected to counter not only with a vigorous defense of his plan but with a recitation of economic woes that he says the Obama administration has helped exacerbate. The more informal town hall format is likely to be more comfortable for the affable Romney.
Crowley will moderate, the first time in 20 years a woman has had that role in a presidential debate. Undecided voters in the audience, selected by the Gallup Organization, will ask questions, a format first used in 1992 as a way to more directly engage voters.
Crowley stirred grumbling in both political camps by suggesting she may go further in her own questioning than the campaigns want. She also plans to press the candidates to actually answer the questions asked of them.
"Either go to the next question or say, 'Wait a second, wait a second, they asked oranges, you responded apples, could you please respond to oranges?' " Crowley told McClatchy Newspapers in an interview. "Or, 'Hey, while we're on this, could you please explain why this happened or what do you think about this?' "
Asked about the kerfuffle around Crowley and follow-up questions, Obama campaign spokeswoman Jen Psaki noted there were "discussions around every debate," but she declined to comment on the specifics.
"The president is looking forward to the debate tomorrow night, looking forward to answering questions from the American people who will be in the audience, and he is prepared for and ready to take questions from wherever they come," she said.
The Romney campaign would not comment about follow-up questions.
Asked if the campaign prefers no follow-up questions from Crowley, Psaki said: "I'm not going to get into any more specifics than that."
Despite losing his lead after the first debate, Obama has some history on his side. Incumbent presidents, notably Ronald Reagan in 1984 and George W. Bush 20 years later, lapsed in their first debates. Like Obama, they had grown used to the deference that even opponents show to the president of the United States, and they seemed taken aback at the kind of onslaught that they hadn't endured since their last campaigns four years earlier.
Harder to handicap
Reagan and Bush recovered in their second debates and went on to win their re-election bids. But they were running when the economy was thriving, and Obama is not. Obama's fate is more difficult to handicap, as he's being tugged by two conflicting historical forces -- the sluggish recovery has kept his popularity down, but it's not dismal enough to make him an underdog.