State

Key findings by Stanislaus County Grand Jury

Hughson City Council members Thom Crowder, Doug Humphreys and Ben Manley violated the Brown Act by e-mailing all five council members between April and November. The law bars officials from communicating with each other about city business outside of public meetings.

Crowder likely violated a political conflict of interest law by lobbying for street improvements within 500 feet of property he owns.

Crowder likely violated a political conflict of interest law when he applied for a job with an ambulance company and advertised his "tremendous influence" with county elected officials to benefit the firm.

Votes by Crowder, Humphreys and Manley to oust City Manager Joe Donabed likely were "pre-arranged."

The grand jury concluded that Crowder, Humphreys and Manley "promoted their own agenda against the best interests of the citizens of Hughson."

Source: Stanislaus County civil grand jury

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