WASHINGTON — One by one, House Democratic fence-sitters began choosing sides Friday, and the long, turbulent struggle over landmark health care legislation tilted unmistakably in President Barack Obama's direction.
In full campaign mode, his voice rising, the president all but claimed victory, declaring to a cheering audience in Virginia, "We are going to fix health care in America."
With the showdown vote set for Sunday in the House, Obama decided to make one final, personal appeal to rank-and-file Democrats, arranging a visit today to the Capitol. Republicans, unanimous in opposition to the bill, complained anew about its cost and reach.
Under a complex and controversial procedure the Democrats have devised, a single vote probably will be held to send one bill to Obama for his signature and to ship a second, fix-it measure to the Senate for final passage in the next several days.
Democratic leaders and Obama focused last-minute lobbying efforts on two groups of Democrats — 37 who voted against an earlier bill in the House and 40 who voted for it only after first making sure it would include strict abortion limits that now have been modified.
Democratic leaders worked late Friday attempting to resolve the dispute over abortion. Rep. Bart Stupak, D-Mich., who succeeded in November in inserting strict abortion-opposition language into the House bill, hopes to do so again. That prospect angered lawmakers who support abortion rights.
"We're not going to vote for a bill that restricts a woman's right to choose beyond current law," said Rep. Diana DeGette, D-Colo., as she left an evening meeting with Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
Abortion opponents are divided over whether restrictions on taxpayer funding in the bill go far enough.
Reps. John Boccieri of Ohio, Scott Murphy of New York, and Allen Boyd and Suzanne Kosmas of Florida became the latest Democrats to announce support for the bill after voting against an earlier version that passed, bringing the number of switches in favor of the bill to seven.
On the other side of the ledger, Rep. Michael Arcuri of New York and Stephen Lynch of Massachusetts became the first Democratic former supporters to announce their intention to oppose the bill.
Rep. Anh Cao of Louisiana, the only Republican to support the earlier measure, also announced his opposition.
Reps. Dennis Cardoza of Merced and Jim Costa of Fresno, two of the remaining holdout Democrats, said they would announce which way they will vote today. Republicans suggested the administration had adjusted water allotments to the San Joaquin Valley to secure the support of the two lawmakers, but offered no evidence of any link. Democrats disputed the charge.
The historic legislation, affecting virtually every American and more than a year in the making, would extend coverage to an estimated 32 million Americans who lack it, forbid insurers to deny coverage on the basis of pre-existing medical conditions, and cut federal deficits by an estimated $138 billion over a decade.
Congressional analysts estimate the cost of the two bills combined would be $940 billion over a decade.
For the first time, most Americans would be required to purchase insurance, and they would face penalties if they refused. Billions of dollars would be set aside for subsidies to help families with incomes of as much as $88,000 a year to afford the cost. The legislation provides for an expansion of Medicaid that would give government-paid health care to millions of the poor.
Republicans resorted to unusually personal criticism in their struggle against the bill, calling Kosmas a "space cadet" after she announced her position and labeling Pennsylvania Rep. Jason Altmire a "drama queen" for waiting to announce his opposition.
In addition, they sought to tarnish Democratic claims of deficit savings, circulating a Congressional Budget Office estimate that deficits would rise by $59 billion once the costs of raising doctor fees under Medicare were added in. The House has approved the increase in fees, and the bill is awaiting action in the Senate.
The political ramifications remained to be fought out in November.
Arcuri's announcement of opposition reaped a threat from his former allies at the Service Employees International Union, which vowed to try to unseat him in the fall Democratic primary in favor of "someone who shares our progressive values."
Boccieri's decision to support the bill drew a tart response from the House Republican campaign committee, which issued a warning — "Ohio Dem Uses Press Conference to Announce End of Stint in Congress" — that predicted the first-term lawmaker's political demise.
One day after Democrats released 153 pages of revisions to their bill, they were back at it, responding to fresh concerns from some of the rank and file about disparities in payment levels to Medicare providers in different areas of the country.
"I'm a 'no' unless they fix it," said Rep. Peter DeFazio, D-Ore. "We spent months working this out. If we don't get it in this bill, we will never get it."
Pelosi said changes were in the works.
Republicans said, as they have from the outset, that Democrats were angling for a government takeover of health care. They said the cost of the bill would be covered by $900 billion in higher taxes and cuts in future Medicare payments.
The Republicans circulated a letter from Caterpillar Vice President Gregory S. Foley to House leaders, warning that passage of the legislation would raise the company's health care costs by "more than 320 percent (over $100 million) in the first year alone and put at risk the coverage our current employees and retirees receive."
The insurance industry said the latest Democratic legislation would decimate a private alternative to traditional Medicare that counts 10 million subscribers. It will "end Medicare Advantage as we know it," said Robert Zirkelbach, a spokesman for American Health Insurance Plans. He said Democrats were cutting $200 billion over a decade in projected federal subsidies, and he predicted premiums for seniors would rise as a result.
The government subsidizes private plans at a higher rate than traditional Medicare, and the cuts are aimed at reducing the difference.